No need to wait for complaints, medical check-ups are usually experienced by adults to find out their health status and is there a risk of certain diseases. However, should the child also undergo a medical check-up?
Medical check-ups can briefly be called routine health checks. This is a series of examinations both through history (doctor’s interview), physical examination, and with supporting examinations such as blood checks, X-rays, Ultrasonography (USG), and so on.
Medical check-ups important for children?
In children, the assumption of “still healthy” often sticks in the minds of parents. Therefore, the assumption that disease conditions, such as cholesterol, diabetes, heart disease, will not occur in children. In fact, a younger age also has a different risk of disease depending on its age.
Furthermore, medical check-ups for infants, children, or even teenagers are no less important to do, primarily to monitor growth, development, and nutritional status. In addition, birth defects and other undetected diseases also need to be screened for possibilities.
This routine checkup can be done when your child enters the age of 2 weeks, 2 months, 4 months, 6 months, 9 months, 12 months, 18 months, and 24 months. Above that age, at least medical check-ups can be done once a year as needed.
Next is the examination that doctors can do as a form of medical check-up for children.
Growth and nutritional status
You can routinely check your child’s height and weight for yourself. However, during a medical check-up, the doctor will convert the measurement figures obtained in the chart to see your child’s growth and nutritional status.
The nutritional status of children is also influenced by the intake of consumed and complementary foods in infants aged 6 months. Medical check-ups are also useful for detecting whether there are growth barriers that can cause stunting.
In addition, children who are thin and lack of meat consumption often experience iron deficiency anemia. This can be ensured by routine blood tests to see the child’s hemoglobin (Hb) level.
Medical check-ups also help parents to monitor children’s growth and development. At a certain age, children should be able to do something according to their age.
For example, at the age of 4 months you can lift your head, at 9 months you can start saying “mama”, and at 12 months you can stand up. When there is a development that is stunted, the doctor will give suggestions for stimulation that must be given so that the developmental delay does not become permanent.
Hearing and vision
If there is interference with hearing and vision in infants, often parents are not aware of it. Even if this disorder continues because it is not detected will cause deafness or permanent blindness.
During a child’s medical check-up, an examination for hearing babies with otoacoustic emission (OAE) and vision in premature infants is recommended.
One form of medical check-up that is mostly done is immunization to prevent viral or bacterial diseases that can be easily prevented by this action.
Congenital hypothyroidism must be detectable in order to be prevented. This disease due to lack of thyroid hormone results in decreased metabolic function of the body so that growth and development become inhibited. If improperly treated, this disorder can cause mental retardation.
Medical check-ups for children are no less important than adults. In addition to anticipating the risk of disease, medical check-ups can help optimize the growth and development of your child. For that, it never hurts to bring your child regularly for regular health checks for optimal growth and development.